(第 28 期)   第十四卷第二期   2020 年 6 月 30 日出刊

新時期中國大陸圖書資訊與檔案學多層次教育體系之研究:基於 2019-2020 招生數據的實證分析

Exploring the Latest Development of LIS Multi-level Education System in Mainland China: An empirical analysis based on 2019-2020 enrollment data

本文關鍵字:圖書資訊與檔案學圖書資訊學教育中國大陸招生培養實證研究Library Information and Archives ManagementLibrary and Information Science EducationMainland ChinaEnro

本文摘要

近年來中國大陸各大專院校相繼開展「雙一流」和「雙萬計畫」建設,圖書資訊與檔案學各層次的專業教育正處於一個快速變化的不穩定時期。由於各地區和大學政策導向以及考評體系的變化,呈現一種缺乏頂層設計的集體無意識狀態,本研究從整體上對本學科的專業教育進行深入研討,以利本學科教育在面對各 式挑戰的關鍵時刻重新佈局,適應轉型期專業教育和事業發展的需要。本文研究問題包括:目前中國大陸圖書資訊與檔案學的學科發展現狀;各層次教育呈現的特徵;學科點的省市區域分佈;招生和培養的現狀。本研究的各種數據是透過文獻調研、網站訪問、內容分析等多種方式取得,以中國大陸圖書資訊與檔案學招生系所為研究對象,分析包括專科、本科、碩士、博士及博士後在內的機構之設置情況和培養現狀。核心研究結論為:第一,中國大陸圖書資訊與檔案學近十年總體學科規模穩定:本科層次穩中趨降,以專業碩士為代表的碩士層次蓬勃發展,傳統學術型碩士則出現顯著收縮的傾向,博士層次穩步增長。第二,各省市學科分佈和專業建設分化嚴重,學科佈局穩定不變,共有 25 個省市的相關院校開展圖書資訊與檔案學教育,華東地區和華北地區學科點總數共占 58%。目前 60% 以上的系所係於 2000 年之前設 置,近年新增學科點數量較少。第三,按一級學科招生成為趨勢,更加注重內涵式發展,培養品質穩步提升。從傳統的培養本科生為主,逐漸過渡到以培養碩士生為重點的發展態勢。

Under the background of “The Double First-class University Initiative” and “Double Ten Thousand Plan” implemented in colleges and universities, professional education at all levels of library information and archival studies in mainland China is undergoing a period of rapid change and uncertainty. Based on the changes in the policy direction and assessment system of various regions and universities, which present a common phenomenon of lacking a top-down design policy, an in-depth study on the professional education of the discipline as a whole was conducted, in order to readjust the academic education and adapt to the needs of professional education and career development during the transition period. The research questions in this paper include: what is the current status of the library, information, and archives management education in mainland China? What are the characteristics of academic education of each level? What is the regional distribution of relative educational institutions? What is the status quo of enrollment and cultivation? The data collection methods in this study include literature research, website interviews, content analysis, etc. The research subjects were set as the educational institutions in China s library, information, and archives management field, for analyzing the disciplinary settings and educational development at all levels including junior college, undergraduate, and graduate levels, such as master̓s, doctoral and postdoctoral. The main research findings are addressed below. Firstly, the overall discipline scale of library information and archives management in Mainland China has been stable in the past decade, the number of undergraduate educational institutions has slightly decreased, the master s education represented by MLIS is developing prosperously, the scale of traditional academic master s education has been shrinking, and the doctoral education is growing steadily. Secondly, the distribution of educational institutions among provinces and cities is highly fragmented, and the layout of disciplines has remained stable, with a total of 25 provinces and cities having institutions providing library information and archival education, and East China and North China accounting for 58% of the total, among which more than 60% of the departments were established before Year 2000 and fewer new programs were launched in recent years. Thirdly, “admitting students according to the first level” has become a trendy policy in some departments, and the quality of education training has steadily improved.
下載全文 Download Article

本期同分類其他文章


本刊著作權屬於「中華民國圖書館學會」所有。
Powered By Vanilla Journal - 香草期刊系統 0.256 / 2006 - 2007 © Weizhong Yang